A vascular doctor specializes in treating disorders and diseases of the cardiovascular system. He performs procedures such as coronary artery bypass, an angioplasty (a procedure where a balloon-like device is used to inflate a blocked or narrowed blood vessel), and pulmonary embolization. Vascular surgery also includes cardiothoracic steroid surgery, laser radiotherapy, invasive endovascular techniques, stent placement, thrombolytic procedures, vasculoplasties, minimally invasive cardiothoracic treatments, and many more. It is the vena cava, coronary artery, spider veins, or ulcerated veins that are typically addressed by these physicians. Treatments may include coronary artery revascularization, aortic valve repair, angioplasty, and pulmonary embolization. You may find more details about this at Center for Vascular Medicine – Columbia-Vascular Doctor
Symptoms to look for in a patient who may be a candidate for a procedure include pain in the chest, dizziness, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, nausea, vomiting, palpitations, fatigue, leg pain, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the ankles, legs, neck, or arms, neck pain, unexplained weight loss, and fatigue that worsens with activity. Vascular disease may also involve abnormalities of the kidneys or heart, severe anemia, peripheral neuropathy, endocarditis, myocardial infarction, congenital heart disease, or infectious disease such as HIV or herpes. A vascular specialist must analyze the medical history of patients thoroughly and perform routine lab tests, including blood count, serum chemistry profile, urinalysis, CT scan or MRI, and bone mineral density. He also asks questions about symptoms, past and present, of any other medical conditions such as diabetes, smoking, and diet. A thorough physical examination ascertains whether the patient has coronary disease, mitral valve prolapse, or some other abnormality of the cardiovascular system.
When a patient comes in complaining of any of these symptoms, it is wise to have a thorough examination by a specialist in vascular care. The specialist may need to ask many questions to arrive at the diagnosis. Once the correct diagnosis is reached, the treatment can commence. Treatment includes compression stockings, walking aids, and steroid injections. If these don’t work, surgery might be necessary. A premier vein specialist will be able to help you live a full life.