Preventative Maintenance for Forklifts

You’ve spent a lot of money on your forklift. Preventative maintenance on your forklift should be done on a regular basis to protect your investment. It is important to know the process to ensure that your forklift is properly maintained, whether you or someone in your shop is doing the maintenance or whether you are having an outside company perform the maintenance. If you’re looking for more tips, Forklift Safety Solutions-Forklift Safety Lights has it for you.
Jeff Wark has 35 years of mechanical experience as a forklift mechanic. Continue reading to learn Jeff’s forklift repair tips.
Start the forklift and let it run for a few minutes as you listen to the engine. Keep an ear out for any knocks or misses. Pay attention to any squealing from the belts. Then keep an ear out for any exhaust leaks. Check for any slips and potential wheel problems by driving the forklift forwards and backwards. Switch off the engine.
Check the whistle, gauges, safety alert devices, cab lights, outside lights, back-up lights, and overhead guard for proper operation before performing preventative maintenance on your forklift. Check for any burned-out bulbs, and if the unit still doesn’t function, inspect and patch the wiring.
The battery compartment should be checked next in your forklift preventative maintenance process. Clean the terminals, wires, and connectors on the battery. Check the fill levels of each cell by opening the cell caps and adding water as required. To avoid corrosion, use a protectant on the connectors. Disconnect the battery cables if possible.
Your forklift’s oil should be drained. Replace the oil filter, hydraulic filter, transmission filter, fuel filter, and air filter as required. Using a permanent marker to write the date on the new filters before installing them. Check all fluid levels and top them up as needed. Inspect the cooling system for anti-freeze.
When you’re underneath the machine, look at the drive axle. Make sure the drive axle is greased if there is a grease fitting.
Check the forklift engine’s belts. Examine the belts for cracks and fraying.
Examine the exhaust system of the forklift visually. Examine the exhaust system for any gaps or holes.
Examine the forklift’s tyres for any cracks or signs of excessive wear. Check the tread on an air-filled tyre. Check the fluid in the differential.
Check your forklift’s clutch pedal. Check the drag ties and the steering cylinder. Look for any leaks or kinks in the pipework.