Homeowners are well aware that heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems use a significant amount of energy, particularly once the winter or summer electric and gas bills come. In reality, heating and cooling the interior environment consumes up to half of the energy consumed in a house. Read here AIR QUALITY
When properly installed and maintained, an HVAC system’s aim is to create a comfortable environment with the greatest possible air quality at a reasonable cost. Most modern houses have central air and heating systems that regulate the temperature in all of the rooms they serve.
Heating and cooling equipment should always be sized to appropriately suit the house, whether it is new or old. The heat loss and gain in your house during cold and warm weather are estimated using a design load calculation to establish proper equipment size. Homeowners may use software available on the website energystat.gov to evaluate whether an HVAC system is the appropriate sixe for them.
An appropriately sixed system will show to be more cost-effective than a large unit. A unit that is too big will cycle on and off often, increasing energy expenditures. Undersized equipment with insufficient airflow will decrease air distribution efficiency and speed up wear on system components, resulting in insufficient room temperatures and equipment failure.
When it comes to lowering energy costs, though, adding new equipment isn’t necessarily the solution. It’s a good idea to examine regular maintenance problems before replacing an HVAC system. Stopping air leakage inside the house or around air ducts is a simple issue to solve. These leaks, rather than the HVAC system itself, may be the cause of issues. Mastic or metal-backed tape, as well as an aerosol-based sealer, may be used to seal ducts and pipes by the homeowner or a professional. The system may be examined for optimum air flow once any leaks have been plugged. A house is more pleasant and energy costs are less expensive when the air flow is at appropriate levels. When air flow is too high, duct leakage rises, and the temperature at the register isn’t high enough to provide optimum home comfort. When air flow is too low, air distribution efficiency suffers, which speeds up the wear on system components, causing pain and premature equipment failure.
When troubleshooting HVAC systems, there are a number of systems that may be examined. When family members are at home, thermostat settings may be changed to ensure that comfort levels are maintained while energy is saved when they are gone. Moving components in the HVAC system may be oiled for improved performance and lower energy use. Clean the evaporator and condenser air conditioning coils, then check and adjust the refrigerant levels in the air conditioner.
Filter maintenance, such as checking, cleaning, or replacing filters at least once every three months, may also help homeowners prolong the life of their system. During the high-use summer and winter months, filters should be replaced on a monthly basis. A clogged filter reduces air flow and forces the system to work more to keep family members warm or cold, wasting energy. A clean filter also prevents dust and debris from accumulating in the system, which may result in costly maintenance and/or premature system failure. Routine maintenance may extend the life and efficiency of an HVAC system while also lowering the expense of keeping a home pleasant and healthy.